Diabetes is one of the leading socially significant diseases whose growth rate exceeds statistical expectations despite modern treatment methods and patient follow-up. The disease was declared a global pandemic by the WHO more than 20 years ago. Global statistics indicate that more than 475 million patients suffer from diabetes mellitus, and by 2030, their number is expected to increase by 55%. In Bulgaria, the number of diabetics is about 500 thousand, and half of them do not know that they suffer from this disease.
“The percentage of undiagnosed patients is also considerable. Early detection, early initiation of treatment, and also prevention before diabetes mellitus is triggered, is of utmost importance. We must be strong, diabetes will not defeat us , commented Prof. Dr. Ivona Daskalova, head of the Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinic at the Military Medical Academy (MMA), on the occasion of World Diabetes Day (November 14).
Prof. Ivona Daskalova
Every year, endocrinology specialists working at the VMA clinic organize free campaigns throughout the country with the aim of preventing this socially significant disease. This year, all efforts are focused on controlling the coronavirus infection, with patients with diabetes falling into one of the highest risk groups for COVID-19.
“Diabetics and overweight people are one of the high-risk groups, where the disease is more severe, with more complications. We are already aware that during the course of the infection in patients with diabetes there is an increased risk of macro- and microthrombosis formation, cardiovascular complications, increased blood pressure. Patients should know that one of the decisive factors is maintaining blood sugar at levels close to normal.
Diabetes compensation is decisive for the good outcome of the disease , emphasizes Prof. Daskalova and added that she advises her patients to strictly observe the anti-epidemic measures, to reduce as much as possible their social contacts, to keep wear their masks correctly and increase self-care.
“We can do gymnastics every day for 30 minutes or go for a walk when the weather allows it, have a proper diet and try to reduce stress,” commented the endocrinologist.
Maintaining an active lifestyle, he althy eating, diet and reducing daily stress levels are of utmost importance for patients. "Immobility, overweight, improper nutrition, stress are particular risk factors that lead to the onset of the disease. It is possible that diabetes mellitus can be inherited, but it is not necessary," emphasized Prof. Daskalova.