Gynecomastia is a male disease

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Gynecomastia is a male disease
Gynecomastia is a male disease

In medicine, this breast phenomenon in men is called gynecomastia

Regardless of the noticeable external changes - a seal with a diameter of 2 to 5 centimeters appears around the pimple - diagnosing gynecomastia is not so easy! Sometimes, in plump men, the mammary gland can be mistaken for subcutaneous fat, which is false gynecomastia. In such a case, no treatment is required. But since it is not easy to distinguish the "fat chest" from the "female" by eye, doctors do hormonal tests on these men. The status of male and female hormones is reported.

If the testosterone level is reduced, the research continues. An ultrasound examination or X-ray is performed - similar to a mammogram in women, a puncture of the mammary gland and of the lymph nodes under the arm. A biopsy is taken to look at the cellular material under a microscope. And then the diagnosis is pronounced.


Breast augmentation refers to physiological conditions.



This condition is associated with the entry into the body of the newly born boy of the mother's hormones.


The level of female sex hormones at this time is higher than male.


When the sexual function begins to fade.


Some neuroleptics, antidepressants, narcotics, tranquilizers and others cause mammary glands to enlarge. But after stopping taking them, the breasts regain their normal size.


When they contain female sex hormones.

In the period before puberty, the increase in mammary glands can indicate serious hormonal disorders and even cancer. Often, during this age, female hormones increase precisely at the appearance of malignant formations.


Gynecomastia also occurs in genetic diseases. In these cases, no secondary sexual characteristics appear during the period of puberty of the adolescent. They don't grow hair under their arms or on their pubic area. Small testicles form or the eggs do not descend into the sacs. Their voice does not grow coarse and remains mutating for a very long time.


Breasts can also grow in those who abuse steroid anabolics. It seems amazing: the person takes male hormones, and the level of female hormones increases

Not everything is so simple. As is well known, any hormonal treatment resembles a walk with a tiger. You're moving fast, but you don't know where. If a man takes testosterone or its analogues for a long time, his body tries to restore the balance and intensively starts producing female hormones. In addition, since male sex hormones enter the body from the outside, the production of own male hormones is suppressed. This is especially likely to happen if steroids are stopped suddenly. Then the level of male hormones in the blood drops sharply. And his body needs to rebuild itself to make its own testosterone. At the same time, the increased production of female hormones remains at the previous level.


On examination, gynecomastia was found in one third of men. And this condition is not always considered painful. But regular medical examinations in this case are simply necessary.


In an Italian school, the mammary glands of the boys began to grow. It turns out that in the canteen they cook food from the meat of animals that are fed estrogen.

Stages of gynecomastia

FIRST STAGE: Profiling gynecomastia. The initial stage is about four months, when the cells of the glands are actively dividing. During this stage, conservative treatment gives very good results. Breasts may return to their previous size within a month.

SECOND STAGE: The next 4-12 months are an intermediate stage. Gland cells mature. But during this time there are still no dense fibrous formations in the mammary gland. The breast is soft to the touch. At this stage, true gynecomastia can easily be mistaken for false pseudomyoma. But hormonal treatment no longer gives the necessary results.

THIRD STAGE: The fibrotic stage. The gland becomes dense to the touch. To remove the cosmetic effect, surgical intervention is required.

What are the most common pathologies of the mammary gland in men?

Although much less common than in women, mammary gland pathologies exist in men. The most common pathological damage to the male mammary glands are:

Formation of nodular seals

Adolescents (boys aged 11 to 17 years) develop rounded lumps under the nipple that are hard and painful when pressed. They usually disappear within a few months.


A very rare disease among men, but it can also occur in them. The treatment is the same as for the treatment of carcinoma in women.


It occurs in men over 50 or 60 years of age and there is an increase in glandular tissue. It is imperative in such cases to check whether it is not a malignant transformation.


This is a specific disorder affecting mostly young people and is expressed in the excessive development of the mammary glands, resembling female breasts. Research does not prove pathological levels of hormones, so therapy is resorted to only in case of psychological problems associated with such a condition. If necessary, surgical removal of part of the glandular tissue is carried out.


But whatever the cause of gynecomastia, the doctor's main question to a man with large breasts is: "What should I do to you?"

The problem in modern medicine to control the situation is testosterone. This hormone is very useful in a condition where its level is very low. Although the prescription of testosterone for physiological gynecomastia in adolescents does not always lead to a good effect.

Anti-estrogen preparations are prescribed in the presence of more than the normal amount of estrogens in a man's body. Anti-estrogens block the effect of female hormones on the mammary gland.

If medical treatment does not help, an operation is performed with local anesthesia. The cosmetic defect is removed and the patient is discharged with the recommendation to carefully monitor his he alth and seek the help of the doctor in time.

If gynecomastia is a symptom of some disease - thyrotoxicosis, exhaustion or something else, it should be known that it is pointless to take preparations without removing the causes. Or to remove the enlarged breast tissue.

The growths seem to reappear until the disease is cured.

By the way

Gynecomastia can be accompanied by some somatic diseases:

- in hyperthyroidism

- in renal failure

- during prolonged fasting

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