Such a bump, as we all call it, has a specific name. And not just one, experts explain. In professional language, such a swelling is called a hygroma, cyst, ganglia, synovial hernias - these are tumor formations in the form of round capsules filled with thick serous fluid.
Such formations can appear both on the outside and on the inside of the wrist. Do not be afraid of such bumps, experts assure. It is a benign tumor that does not degenerate into a malignant one. In addition, most people do not feel pain, rather the hygroma causes a certain discomfort, first of all from an aesthetic point of view.
Besides genetic predisposition, the most common reasons for the appearance of hygroma are injuries to the wrist and inflammation, experts note. This unpleasant condition can be provoked by significant physical loads, surgical intervention of the relevant joint, and also untreated, advanced osteoarthritis.
Often, the reason lies in the specifics of the profession, with massage therapists, tailors, and those working for a long time at a computer being in the risk group. Depending on the cause, specialists indicate several types of hygroma: the post-traumatic one occurs as a result of damage to the joint; the mucosa – as a result of deforming arthrosis.
There is also a tendon hygroma, the cause of which is pathological changes in the structure of the tendons, which can be very painful.
If you notice a bump appearing on your wrist, visit an orthopedic traumatologist, doctors advise. For diagnosis, the specialist determines the localization of the tumor and its size, takes a biopsy and other samples - a specific blood analysis for certain markers.
If necessary, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and other tests can be prescribed, experts explain.
In some cases, hygromas can go away on their own, but if the disease worsens or causes discomfort, drug therapy is prescribed. However, if the neoplasm begins to increase, if numbness and pain occur, you must consult a traumatologist.
There is a possibility that an operation will be undertaken - removal of the tumor with its capsule, which is carried out under a specific type of anesthesia. Recurrence is possible after surgery. According to statistics, up to 20% of patients after surgery may experience a recurrence of the swelling. After the operation, physiotherapy and remedial exercise are carried out.