Dental he alth

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Dental he alth
Dental he alth

What is dry alveolitis and when does it develop?

This is a painful complication that can happen after the extraction of a tooth, explains the specialist. - A blood clot forms at the site of the wound, which plays an extremely important role by creating a barrier in the open wound. In this way, it protects it from the entry of food particles, fluids and numerous bacteria that can easily reach the nerve endings there and also the bone.

However, if such a clot does not form or is somehow removed from the alveolus (site of the extracted tooth), dry alveolitis may develop. The absence of a clot is accompanied by a very high risk of developing an infection at the extraction site, which is associated with severe pain that can last for several days. Fortunately, the percentage of people who develop dry alveolitis after a tooth extraction is relatively small. Nevertheless, it is not superfluous to know the symptoms of the complication in order to be able to recognize them if they appear to you and accordingly go to a specialist. Note that some people are more prone than others to such a complication. For example, smokers, people with poor oral hygiene, as well as women using contraceptives. In general, it is normal after a tooth extraction to have pain for the next few days, which gradually subsides. However, if the pain is moderate at the beginning, but after a few days it becomes more and more severe, there is a high probability that dry alveolitis is developing.

The pain associated with this condition can be moderate to intense, but is most often throbbing. It can be localized to the area of the extracted tooth, but also spread to the eye or ear on the same side of the jaw where the tooth was extracted. And other symptoms can accompany this condition, such as bad breath and an unpleasant taste in the mouth, swollen and enlarged lymph nodes under the jaw or in the neck area. The latter is a consequence of the body's struggle with the infection caused by dry alveolitis. If you can see the extraction site in the mirror, you will likely see a dry alveolus rather than a blood clot. That's where the name comes from. In order to avoid as much as possible the risk of developing this complication, it is good to avoid smoking, drinking with a straw, spitting and vigorous rinsing of the mouth after tooth extraction. Rinse carefully. On the day of the manipulation, avoid the consumption of hot or warm coffee, soup and alcoholic beverages.

What should I choose: amalgam or composite filling?

“You decide - says the specialist. - There is still quite a bit of controversy about some issues related to amalgam. Some studies show that the mercury emission from it is not small and can be dangerous for humans, while others do not confirm it. It is good to be aware that the main case for whether composites can fully replace amalgam comes from one essential question: can their durability be compared to that of amalgam? This case is also not completely scientifically resolved, because there are studies in both directions. However, one thing is certain - with proper maintenance of the white fillings, ie. composite ones, as well as with good hygiene, they last more than 10-15 years.

Advantages of dental amalgam:

► it is very strong because it consists of metal and can therefore withstand loads such as those in the area of the last teeth

► amalgam is relatively cheap

► the seal forms quickly

► proven durable

Disadvantages of dental amalgam:

► contains mercury

► some people experience sensitivity to hot and cold after filling

► amalgam does not harden immediately and it takes time before you can chew with such a filling

► requires removal of a larger amount of he althy tooth tissue than necessary

► increases in size over time and is not aesthetic

► with amalgam, it is difficult to recreate the natural anatomy of the tooth, which is very important

Advantages of photocomposite fillings:

► photocomposites do not contain mercury

► their color may resemble that of the tooth

► seals of this material allow instant loading

► do not require removal of undamaged tooth tissues, only carious ones

► allow simulating tooth anatomy

Disadvantages of photocomposite fillings:

► they are slightly more expensive compared to amalgams

► change color over time

► require better and proper oral hygiene to be durable

► a longer manipulative time is needed to recreate the relief of the tooth

“Keep in mind that more and more studies indicate the following: amalgam fillings, especially those used 7-8 years ago or more, release mercury in various situations - eating, cleaning tartar, brushing teeth, etc. The use of this type of filling is even prohibited in some countries, such as Sweden for example, due to suspicions of damage to the body. In a study conducted again in Sweden, it is stated that the accumulation of mercury in the brain and kidneys was found. In general, the problem with an excessive amount of mercury comes from the fact that it blocks the action of some very important enzymes and the body cannot get rid of it," added the doctor.

Is it true that obesity can be related to dental he alth?

Research published in June 2009 in a specialist journal shows that oral bacteria may contribute to the development of obesity. 313 overweight women with a high body mass index participated in it. After biologically comparing the saliva of these women with that of another 232 women of normal weight and without periodontal disease, the following results were obtained: in 98.4% of overweight people, the bacterial species Selenomonas noxia was found and it is likely to serve as a biological indicator of the risk of developing overweight. Therefore, scientists believe that it is likely that some of the oral bacteria are involved in those body processes that lead to obesity. Researchers at the University of Washington School of Dentistry suggest that there may be a link between a high-glycemic diet (foods that raise blood sugar levels very quickly, such as white bread) and dental disease.

Fermentable carbohydrates such as refined flour, potatoes, rice and pasta are converted to simple sugars in the mouth. Experts believe that these foods can contribute to weight gain, which leads to obesity. The relationship between them and dental diseases is very interesting. These types of foods turn into simple sugars that build up on the teeth in the form of plaque if not removed immediately. Plaque begins to stick to our teeth and gums, which increases the risk of developing various forms of gum disease such as gingivitis and periodontitis, as well as the possibility of caries. According to some points of view, these types of carbohydrates are essential for our proper nutrition, but prevention of dental diseases is possible by following a strict schedule of dental hygiene. Still, it's possible to improve your oral he alth and the way your waistline looks by following a low-glycemic diet. And all of this can significantly increase your overall he alth and self-esteem.

Is missing a tooth a problem?

“When one or more teeth are lost, a process begins that leads to compensation of the lost hard dental tissues. As a result, the teeth around the missing one begin to lean into the resulting empty space, and its corresponding tooth, which has no contact with teeth from the opposite jaw, begins to erupt. This process is the result of the forces generated in the bone, and therefore the tooth does not actually grow by itself, but the bone is the one that undergoes changes and drags the tooth along with it. This continues until the tooth meets other teeth from the opposite jaw to stop its movement or until it reaches the gum in the area of the missing tooth. An additional problem comes from the fact that this overgrown bone gradually begins to melt and thus expose the tooth, but atrophy in the bone also occurs in the area of the missing and adjacent teeth. In addition, damage to the tissues that hold the teeth in the bone begins and gradually they shake. It is important to know that this process occurs regardless of whether you have lost an upper or lower tooth or teeth. That is why it is very important to have an immediate consultation with a dentist to solve this case when you lose a tooth. Because otherwise, the loss of one tooth can lead to the loss of a large part of your teeth, which leads to more expensive and more difficult treatment later," explained the specialist.

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