Diabetes mellitus, often called just diabetes, is a disease characterized by an increased level of blood sugar (glucose) in the body, which is due to the weakened response of the cells to insulin or its insufficient production in the body
Let's recall the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2: increased urination, excessive thirst, blurred vision, acute hunger, itching, lack of energy and extreme fatigue, numbness in the limbs, slow healing of wounds.
The doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov dispelled popular myths about diabetes.
Diabetes only occurs due to excessive consumption of sugar - this is the most common misconception, notes the doctor. However, excess calories and fast carbohydrates also lead to the development of the disease.
Many people believe that black bread is safe for diabetics, unlike white bread. However, real rye bread is made from whole grains with seeds.
“You can buy this bread, but standard brown bread has the same glycemic index as white bread,” says the specialist.
It is also believed that people who are diagnosed with diabetes must follow a strict diet for life. In fact, sometimes it's enough to limit calories and avoid fast carbohydrates that cause insulin spikes.
The fact that thin people cannot have diabetes, that it is exclusively the "prerogative" of obese patients, is also not true.
The fifth misconception is that doctors specifically “put” people on insulin.
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which blood sugar is constantly high.