According to WHO data, 60% of the world's population are carriers of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. A lot is known about the H. pylori problem, but research on this insidious, mutating, oncogenic bacterium does not stop for a day, and new and more advanced methods of diagnosis, prevention and treatment are emerging. Experts from the Central Scientific Institute of Epidemiology in Moscow offer an up-to-date list of 10 scientific facts about H. pylori
1. Helicobacter pylori - very dangerous
The bacterium H. pylori is a major cause of gastritis, stomach or duodenal ulcer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies Hp as a Class I human carcinogen. H. pylori is capable of triggering a cascade of autoimmune reactions.
2. It is one of the most common infections in the world. Carriers of this bacterium according to WHO data are more than half the population of the planet.
3. H. pylori is highly contagious
Helicobacter is transmitted by contact-household route: through cups, spoons, kisses, and also fecal-oral (the disease of dirty hands).
4. H. pylori infection – is a “family” disease
If the bacterium is found in one of the family members, it is very likely that the others in the home are also infected.
5. H. pylori is multifaceted
There are many strains of the bacterium H. pylori, each of which has its own "character" and behavioral characteristics. Some of them can be conditionally called relatively "calm", others are very aggressive.
6. This bacteria is one of the most resistant
Helicobacter pylori possesses many innate degrees of protection (factors of pathogenicity): it secretes urease and a number of other enzymes that protect it from the aggressive environment in the stomach., is capable of forming microbial biochips that protect it from the effects of antibiotics and the body's immune defense mechanisms.
7. H. pylori affects our appearance
H. pylori has been found to be associated with many skin diseases: atopic dermatitis, acne, rosacea, psoriasis and many other dermatological and systemic diseases.
8. H. pylori diagnosis easy and simple
As the simplest way to find out if you have this bacteria, specialists recommend a urease breath test. It is the main and widespread method of diagnosis in world practice.
9. H. pylori requires complex treatment
At present, several efficient schemes of eradication therapy combining the use of antibacterial agents and preparations have been developed. The course of treatment necessarily implies control over the patient's lifestyle - a gentle diet, complete refusal of smoking and alcohol, lowering the level of stress.
10. This dangerous microbe increasingly requires a special approach
In recent times, strains of H. pylori resistant to the antibiotics used in standard treatment regimens have emerged. For patients with this form of infection, individual treatment schemes and personal selection of preparations are required. The effectiveness of the treatment can be checked by doing a urease breath test - if four weeks after the treatment this test is negative, then the helicobacter has been destroyed.